Unemployment rises to 18% in Q2 of 2020 (INS)
15/08/2020 17:44, TUNIS/Tunisia

(TAP) – The unemployment rate has risen significantly in Q2 2020 to 18%, as the estimated number of unemployed people reached 746.4 thousand of the total active population, against 634.8 thousand in Q1 2020, according to indicators of the National Institute of Statistics (INS) released Saturday.

The unemployment rate went up in a proportionally uniform way by gender, increasing by 3% for men and women in Q2 2020 to 15.2% and 25%, respectively.

74.2 thousand people, on average, were outside the labour force in Q2 of 2020, despite wanting to work and being ready and available to start a job.

This group was not counted among the unemployed because they said were not looking for work due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

If we add this group of people to the unemployed, the unemployment rate would increase by 1.4% to 19.4%.

The youth unemployment rate is 36.1%. This rate is estimated at 36% for men and 37.3% for women.

The number of unemployed higher education graduates is estimated on average at 285.4 thousand in Q2 2020 compared to 258.6 thousand in Q1 2020: an increase of 26.8 thousand.

The unemployment rate for this group went up from 28% to 31.2%.

The number of active population in Tunisia reached 4,151.0 thousand in Q2 2020, against 4200.3 thousand in Q1, i.e. a decrease of 49.3 thousand.

As a result, the participation rate fell back to 47.4% in Q2 of 2020, after being around 48% in Q1.

Of the active population, 2961.9 thousand are men and 1189.0 thousand are women; the participation rate is respectively 69.4% and 26.4%.

The number of employed, on average, stood at 3,404.5 thousand in Q2 2020, compared to 3,565.5 thousand in Q1, down 161 thousand.

Of this population, 2512.6 thousand are men and 891.9 thousand women.

INS indicators showed that 1946.4 thousand employed were not present at their work in April 2020, which represents 58.3% of the total employed.

The reasons for the absence were mostly linked to the COVID-19 pandemic, particularly the lockdown decided between March 22 and May 3, 2020.

The mechanical and electrical industries, hotels and restaurants, construction and public works recorded the highest absenteeism rates, reaching 93.3%, 90.1% and 82.4%, respectively.

On the other hand, the agriculture and fishing, banking and insurance, mining and energy sectors recorded the highest rates of attendance, reaching 79.4%, 68.5% and 53.9%, respectively.

Most business sectors saw a decrease in the number of employed in Q2 2020. The agricultural sector recorded an average decrease of 11.9 thousand employed and the manufacturing industries sector saw a drop 51.9 thousand.

Likewise, the non-manufacturing industries and the service sectors posted a decline of 46.8 thousand and 52.7 thousand employed, respectively.

On the other hand, some sectors experienced virtual stability in the number of employees compared to the first quarter of 2020, such as the mining and energy sectors, and banking and insurance.

Regarding April wages, 47.8% of the employees received their wages, while 34.4% did not receive their wages and 13.1% received only part of the wages.

“The National Population and Employment Survey,” by the INS, was carried out from June 1 to 30, 2020 on a sample of 10,000 people, representing all Tunisian households nationwide.

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